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Lajos Kossuth József Antall Sándor Kőrösi Csoma Ányos Jedlik Ferenc Rákóczi István Gróf Széchenyi Imre Nagy Ede Teller Imre Kertesz

Hungary has seen lots of interesting people. Some of them are worldwide famous, others very little known. Everyone who has ever been in Hungary has been in a Kossuth Lajos utca, but who was that man? And who is that Rákóczi on the banknote of 500 Forint? The physician Teller many know - but wasn't he American? The selection of the persons happened by chance and has no meaning than to inform a little about: Lajos Kossuth,József Antall,Sándor Kőrösi Csoma, Ányos Jedlik,Ferenc Rákóczi,István Graf Széchenyi,Imre Nagy,Ede Teller andImre Kertesz

Lajos Kossuth

Lajos Kossuth Kossuth is said to be the politician of the 19th century, he was at the short highest point of his career the first president of Hungary. The sun of a poor noble family fought as lawyer for the rights of the Hungarians, the critic he had about the Habsburg administration brought him into prison for three years. Except the creation of a national state the freeing of the farmers and a constitution that guarantees equal rights were his political aims. In the dynamic 40's of his century he followed not only his liberal aims, but also succeeded in introducing the Hungarian language as official language. During the revolution 1848/49 he first took over department of finances in the first government that was responsible against the parliament and not against the emperor. When the young emperor Franz Joseph I tried to abolish the achievements of the revolutions it has been Kossuth who proclaimed on April 14th 1849 the independence of Hungary, although he always planned to create a democratic Habsburgian monarchy in Hungary. With help of Russian troops the Austrians succeeded in the reconquest of Hungary and Kossuth had to flee abroad. His political aims he kept on and did not return to Hungary as long he lived. He opposed against the compromise that was found in the Austrian-Hungarian "Ausgleich" in 1867, without success, the double monarchy confirmed Hungary's role as part of the Habsburg State. In 1894 Kossuth died in his exile, but he is buried in Hungary, where he is surely not forgotten, just see the streets, places and buildings wearing his name.

József Antall

József Antall The name Antall is connected to the change of systems. When the communistic regime of Kádár has collapsed and the first free elections had taken place a strong conservative majority dominated the parliament. Antall became Prime Minister in April 1990. His administration had to change the economic and law system, during this time the soviet troops left and the country had to look for a new position in a changed Europe. Antall has been the politician who succeeded to change the state in shortest time. Although the society was naturally divided during this time it has been the accomplishment of Antall to limit the revolutious tendencies to a peaceful transformation. The dignified style of this politician is well worth reminding - not so is the style of most the others. Antall died in December 1993, a little time before the second free elections.

Sándor Kőrösi Csoma

Sándor Kőrösi Csoma A quite unknown Hungarian is the linguist Sándor Kőrösi Csoma, doubtless a great explorer of oriental languages. Born 1784 in Transsylvania he was inspired by the stories about the from central Asia immigrated Hungarians. The language genius - he had learned more than ten European and Asian languages - first worked as teacher for languages. But he was magical torn to the East. At the age 35 he started his search for the former homeland of the Hungarians. Within five years he reached Kashmir after a lot of privations. The Ujgurs he thought to be the forefathers of the Magyars, but on the way there he was hold back by the rough climate again and again. He was enthusiast about the old Tibetan culture and wrote the first dictionary and grammar of Tibetan in English. 1833 he was elected member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. On his further expeditions he explored several more Indian languages until he died in 1842 in Darjeeling by malaria. The man who did so much to explore Asian languages neither returned to the homeland of the modern Hungarians, nor found he the historical one.

Ányos Jedlik

Ányos Jedlik Among the pioneers of chemics and physics an own chapter is reserved to the farmers son and Benedict's monk Ányos Jedlik. When he finished the visit of the Benedict's gymnasium in those days to Hungary belonging Bratislava he joined that order. But teaching and research determined his life. He worked in Győr first and later again in Pest. His ambitions of research were broad, treatment of cholera with artificial soda belongs to his merit, but also the invention of the dynamo - he was predecessor of Siemens. On the expo in Vienna in 1873 his inventions were presented. He became member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and rector of the University of Pest.

Ferenc Rákóczi

Ferenc Rákóczi The name Rákóczi is at the birth of Ferenc since generations connected to wars and rebellions against the Habsburgs. His fate seems to be predicated. The earl of Transsylvania might be the most stubborn and most successful rebel Austria had to fight against. Just the Turks had been at Vienna the second time and were defeated there in 1683. Just the Habsburgian troop drove the occupiers out of the country so seemed especially to the protestant Hungarians in the East that only the colonists changed. 1703 the Hungarians went against the new lords in a military strategic moment, because the Vienna court took place in the Spain Succession War. Until 1707 the Hungarians succeeded in driving the Austrians out nearly all the country. The light Hungarian cavalry was frightened, but unable to keep the mighty Austrian forces out of Hungary. Mainly the allies France and Russia helped the earl of Transsylvania only a very little. The French wanted to get the own dynasty on the Spanish throne, weakling Habsburg in the East was less important, although binding military forces at the Hungarian front were welcome. The war ended in 1711, but the peace treaty mainly repeated Habsburgian rights. Rákóczi choose the exile and left Hungary forever.

István Gróf Széchenyi

István Gróf Széchenyi Ingenious newer of this time was count István Széchenyi. He initiated not only the first bridging between Buda and Pest, the famous chain bridge, but also the academy of the sciences, the navigable making of the iron gate and afterwards steam shipping on the Danube and much more.

Imre Nagy

Imre Nagy Imre Nagy had survived as communistic party official all the Stalinist Clearings. When Stalin died the strong man of the CP Mátyás Rákosi handed over the office of Prime Minister to Imre Nagy. The new government loosened the strict regime, closed the concentration camps and released some political prisoners. But the external politics close to the USSR went on. The phase of liberalisation did not take long, Nagy was sent out of duty in April 1955 because anti-Soviet interests and András Hegedüs, member of Rákosis Stalinist circle, became new Prime Minister, the bankrupt dictatorship continued. The political climate worsened again. When the Russian communists distanced from Stalin also the Hungarian party top was changed. Many Hungarians demonstrated for their rights, the head of government wanted to stop the demonstrations by soviet troops. Reform orientated politicians intervened, government and party top were replaced again. János Kádár leaded the CP; Imre Nagy became Prime Minister again. They wanted to establish a pluralistic society with multiple party system. Enterprises should administer themselves by worker's administrations. Hungary left the Warsaw Pact. Nagy believed in the help of the western world. The USSR offered some liberty, but not all. The Soviet Union did not accept this loss of a vassal state. With tanks the revolution was down-rolled, the soviet troops were called by the new head of the party Kádár, who succeeded to keep the power until the end of communistic times in Hungary. Imre Nagy was kidnapped to Moscow and condemned to death. Today he is buried in an honour grave at the heroes' place in Budapest.

Ede Teller

Ede Teller Teller was born in Budapest in 1909. In Germany he studied physics since 1928 as pupil of Sommerfeld and Heisenberg. Here the Jew Teller could not stay for long, he went off Europe and settled down in USA. There he developed together with Gamow the thermonuclear fusion theory. Together with Bohr, Fermi, Oppenheimer and others he developed in order of the American government the atomic bomb and he succeeded 1952 in development of the H-bomb. Up from 1956 Teller concentrated on the civil use of nuclear power. His ambition in later years was not the development of nuclear weapons, but for a defending system to stop nuclear attacks. It has not been developed up to now. In 1990 Teller was allowed to return to Hungary the first time. During the democratising process he took over a reminding role and supported the new conservative camp. Highly decorated Teller died in 2003.

Imre Kertesz

Imre Kertesz Imre Kertész, born on 9 November 1929 in Budapest, was established in July 1944 and deported to Auschwitz liberated in April 1945 from the Buchenwald concentration camp. He graduated 1948 and found a job as journalist for the daily newspaper Világosság. This was soon to organ of the Communist Party and he was fired during this changes. From 1951 to 1953 he performed military service. Since 1953 he lives as a freelance writer in Budapest. He wrote mainly musicals and plays. 1960 begun the work on his novel Sorstalanság (1975 - Fateless). After years of unsuccessful attempts, the book was published in 1975 in Hungary, but got literary attention with the second edition 1985 only. His livelihood earned Imre Kertész therefore mainly through his work as a translator. He transferred for example works by Friedrich Nietzsche, Sigmund Freud, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Elias Canetti, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Joseph Roth, Arthur Schnitzler and Tankred Dorst into Hungarian. As Sorstalanság 1995 in a new German translation, it was celebrated as a literary event and helped Imre Kertész to his first success. It became part of the major works of European literature of that century. At the end of the eighties followed A Kudarc (Fiasco - 1988), and with Kaddis a meg nem születt gyermekért (Kaddish for a Child not Born - 1990) he completed the so-called "The Trilogy of Faithless". After numerous other publications and awards received Imre Kertész in autumn 2002 the Nobel Prize for Literature "for a literary work, the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history claims."

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Magyar Kúria Real Estate Limited with office in Várong, nearby the thermal bath of Igal in Hungary, looks at herself not as real estate agent only, but mostly as service enterprise around the subject real estate, it doesn't matter whether used or for construction of your house or vacation-home, on your own or a by us purchased property, as a vacation-house, or for living there. On behalf a house in the tourist centres, as for example Siófok at Lake Balaton we can offer you your own farmhouse in a for village tourism interesting settlements, or just a townhouse in Kaposvár, Pécs or other towns. We will help you with your cure or vacation and also if you plan to invest between Balaton and Drava, we work for you in the komitats Somogy, Tolna and Baranya. For all questions you can contact our customers service.