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Baranya - The South of Hungary


The Komitat Baranya
What do we think about when we hear the term the "South"? About sun, warmth and Mediterranean landscapes, wine or vacation. That we should also think about when we are talking about the South of Hungary. Hungary's most Southern komitat has a very special charm and is nevertheless unaffected by the mass tourism. The tourist finds recovery in thethermal baths, in theMecsek Mountains and in the historical towns. Economically agriculture dominates, while also the electrical industry is an important factor. The Baranya has the same historical fate as the neighbourly regions. Therefore it is a multicultural region with lots of variety. In the east a small piece of the Baranya lays behind the riverDanube, there is the gateway to the Large Hungarian Lowlands. In the North and the West are the komitatsTolna andSomogy. In this region the hilly landscape of Southwest Hungary changes into the particularly delightful landscape of the Mecsek Mountains. Archaeological founds from prehistoric times, remnants of the once flowering Roman culture, Christian churches and monasteries, castles and fortresses and not at least mosques and minarets, which originate from the Turk time, offer just like the numerous museums which are worth seeing reasons for excursions. The border region to Croatia is sharpened by the riverDrava.

Pécs

In the centre of Pécs Pécs is the capital of the komitat, already in Roman time was it an important traffic junction and with the name Sopianiae capital of the province Valeria. The city - named by the German minority The mosque at the main place of Pécs Fünfkirchen "Five Churches" - is lain in a far valley basin at the southern slopes of the Mecsek Mountains. 1367 in the city the first university of Hungary was founded. This foundation of king Lajos the Large is still today very popular, 20.000 students are registered at it nowadays. Until today are some stony remnants of the Turk time  retained, here not a church, but a mosque stands on the central place of the city. The cathedral however stands little off the centre. The The basilica original Roman Saint Peters Church from the 11th and 12th century and is a basilica with not less than four towers and medieval crypt. The theatre of Pécs Despite of repeating myself, the cathedral complex is surely worth seeing. In direct proximity we find a piece world cultural heritage: the early Christian cemetery, for Europe, a unique monument from the 4th and 5th century. The entire city area consists remarkably well reconditioned historical buildings and picturesque corners, the old town with its landmarks and pictorial views are possible again and again. The porcelain museum Zsolnay gives a good overview of present and historical products of the in Pécs resident porcelain manufacture. Also the exhibitions of paintings are worth mentioning, the painters Victor Vasarely and Tivadar Csontváry Kosztka for example are constantly exposed. All cultural objects of interest to enumerate is impossible at this place, because anywhere except in Budapest are as many Hungarian art collections found as in this city.

Szigetvár and the Zselic

Still a common picture in the streets In the west of Pécs there is the former border fortress of Szigetvár. Today some walls of the former fortification are left only, but the visitors are impressed of the ruin of this medieval brick building. Nearby the castle ruin is the historical centre of Szigetvár worth seeing. The town has today also athermal bath, in the appropriate chapter details are described about bath and city. In the north of the city the Zselic is lain, a nature resort at the border to theSomogy county, in it's chapter the Zselic is described. The protected nature area laid in former times - just as Szigetvár itself - in the Somogy, came however with a regional reorganisation to the Baranya.

The Mecsek Mountains

Magyarhertelend When we talk about the Mecsek Mountains, then we think directly about the lakes of Orfű. That is both right as wrong. Of course, the lakes are lain in a picturesque surrounding, have beautiful beaches and many sport facilities. The mill museum on the Eastern lakeshore is surely worth being visited. According to the water-rich landscape one finds here naturally a water mill, in addition for example a course mill turned by horses, a miller's house etc. The processing of this handicraft is presented, here flour is still milled and bread is still baked here, the products can be bought by the visitors in the museum. But Orfű is surely not the only interesting place of the Mecsek Mountains. In the small village Abliget the stalactite cavern is a special object of interest, the cavity is the largest underground stalactite labyrinth in Southern Transdanubia. Along an underground brook we walk a 1,600 feet into the mountain. Réka In front of the cavity entrance the brook feeds a lake that can be explored by boat. With Magyarhertelend there is also an excellent therapeutic bath at the slopes of the Mecsek Mountains. For details over thermal baths in Southern Transdanubia we refer to our information about thermal baths. The Zengő is the highest top of the Mecsek and also the highest mountain of the entire region between Lake Balaton and river Drava. Around its slopes are a lot of interesting resorts. Zengővárkony is a centre of rural culture. In the village museum among other things a functional weaving mill and an exhibition of filigree decorated eggs of all kinds can be found. Next to the place there is a forest of sweet chestnuts, in which the film producer Pál Rockenbauer is buried. Pécsvárad In the woods of Kisújbánya At the Southern slopes of the Zengő lies Pécsvárad. The place was as a foundation of the holy king Steven, the first king of Hungary, an important centre of the organisation of the young state. In the old castle nowadays a museum worth seeing is accommodated, it functions however also as hotel. At the Northern slopes of the Zengő Püspökszentlászló lies in a small, remote valley. Here is a Arboretum, in which enormous trees and numerous protected and exotic plants prosper. The neighbouring Kisújbánya was founded of Swabians, here flowered above all the handicraft of the glass blowers. The former population moved away, therefore the houses are used as vacation homes today and the old sight of the village is outstanding preserved. In the east of the mountains we find Mecseknádasd. The place offers with the ruins of two medieval castles a review into history. The Réka castle became famous as place of birth of the holy Margaret of Scotland. Inside the Roman gothic Saint Steven's Chapel from the 13th century gothic murals can visited.

Information about the northeastern - in Tolna situated - part of the Mecsel Mountains you find here.

Villány

 The area of the Villány is inseparably connected with the wine site of the same name, from which origin some of the best drops of Hungary are. Not without any reason the first wine-route of the country has been opened here. The spring begins here earlier than elsewhere and leaves fast for a long and warm summer. The soils are excellent and bring heavy wines forth with a full bouquet.  Wine A row of wine cellars Beside the classical Blue Portuguese, the Hungarian Kékporto, here in the meantime prosper Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot Noir as well. The high point of each wine year is the Villány Red Wine Festival in the first weekend of the month October. During this event there are parades of the three in the Baranya living ethnic groups and delegations of the neighbouring Croats. Beside the wine the environment impresses also by its landscape and culture-historical aspects. Each traveller will keep the long row closely at closely built wine-press-houses in the lovely landscape around Palkonya in memory, exactly the same as the cellars of Villánykövesd. Also one of the most important architectural monuments of entire Hungary is to be found in the region. On a steep rock of the Villány Hills rises the castle from Siklós. Lapidarium, ceramic exhibition and dungeons of the castle can be visited, by special interest are also the rocky niches from the early Renaissance. In direct proximity of the Villány also the most visited thermal bath of the Baranya is lain, Harkány. The aspects of a cure in Harkány are described in the chapter about the thermal baths.

Ormánság

Church in the Baranya Between the towns Siklós and Sellye extends a flat landscape, the Ormánság, with only few elevations along the river Drava. Here we do not only find one of the few places in entire Europe where the river courses are not canalised. Typical room of the Baranya in a regional museum Accordingly the region is regularly flooded, which brought the residents to build their settlements on the places with relatively highest altitude, in Hungarian called "ormok", So the entire landscape Ormánság has got it's name by these. The landscape invites to be explored by foot, by bicycle or on the back of horses. The churches in Adorjás and Drávaiványi, Kórós and Kovácshida are characterised by their painted, wooden coffered ceilings. In Sellye one should visit both the Ormáság Museum, and the Arboretum.

Duna - Drava

On the banks of the river Drava Adder in the national park Duna-Drava Among the valuable nature areas of the region are the alluvial forests of the two large rivers, in which still many rare plant species can be found. Since 1996 the region around Danube and Drava the national park Duna - Drava was founded on a surface of 50,000 hectares. It's primarily purpose is the protection of the old river arms, alluvial forests and sumps. Most special is a visit of the nature-left bank of the Drava. Along the meander there is today a refugium for many rare plant species. Thus we find here for example the original Juniper Berry left. Sunset on the Danube The colonies of the bank swallow at the in parts steep banks of the Drava make a special impression onto all visitors. This area forms also one of the most varied biotopes for robbery birds on our continent. Even gerfalcons and sea eagles are to be found here. Also red deer and fallow deer, adders or beavers can be observed here. An appropriate landscape form offers the part of the national park Duna Drava which was located at the Danube. In the original forests along the river and its dead arms live numerous rare, protected kinds of bird, one finds here for example kingfishers, storks and herons.

Mohács

The memorial Satorhely close to Mohács Here at this place the medieval Hungary ended on the battleground, when the army under guidance of king Lajos II was completely defeated in 1526 by the Turkish aggressors, still today's day a trauma of the entire nation. Masks during the Busó Busó parade At this historical moment reminds a memorial place in the south of the city. The church established here is a symbol of the nation's unity and the harmony. It is constructed on earth from all Hungary. From all yards of the komitat houses, from 52 cities and from each of the more than 3000 municipalities one kilogram earth is brought here. Also in the traditions the foreign rule remained present, in the carnival is the "Turk Fright" a firm component. Where in other place the winter is to be driven out with terrible looking masks, here the inhabitants have the aim to drive out the Turks out of Mohács and the country symbolically
       
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Magyar Kúria International Real Estate Limited with office in Várong, nearby the thermal bath of Igal in Hungary, looks at herself not as real estate agent only, but mostly as service enterprise around the subject real estate, it doesn't matter whether used or for construction of your house or vacation-home, on your own or a by us purchased property, as a vacation-house, or for living there. On behalf a house in the tourist centres, as for example Siófok at Lake Balaton we can offer you your own farmhouse in a for village tourism interesting settlements, or just a townhouse in Kaposvár, Pécs or other towns. We will help you with your cure or vacation and also if you plan to invest between Balaton and Drava, we work for you in the komitats Somogy, Tolna and Baranya. For all questions you can contact our customers service.